One in five deaths of people younger than 25 is caused by diabetes. The diabetes prevalence varies with age, but among older Latinos over 50, the rate is higher, with more or less one in every five Latinos afflicted from diabetes. Diabetes is a disease that occurs when a persons body does not make enough insulin or cannot use insulin properly. When you have diabetes, the sugar builds up in your blood instead of moving into the cells. Diabetes is regarded as a partial or complete lack of insulin production by the body. The most common forms of diabetes are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is most often diagnosed in children and teenagers, and for this reason was once called juvenile onset diabetes. However, people of all ages can be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, which predominantly occurs before the age of 20, results from antibodies inexplicably attacking and destroying the pancreas, the internal organ near the stomach that produces insulin. The cause of type 1 is not entirely known, but, for some [genetic, viral, or environmental] reason, antibodies are produced that mistakenly identify the pancreas as a foreign body that must be destroyed.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your body control the level of glucose (sugar) in your blood. Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which your pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or your body does not properly use the insulin it makes. Insulin stimulates cells to absorb enough glucose from the blood for the energy, or fuel, that they need. Insulin also stimulates the liver to absorb and store any glucose that is left over. Insulin works like a key that opens the doors to cells and allows the glucose in. Without insulin, glucose cannot get into the cells (the doors are "locked" and there is no key) and so it stays in the bloodstream.
Diabetes is a disease that develops when the body does not make enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it makes. The pancreas gland makes insulin. Diabetes is also an important factor in accelerating the hardening and narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis), leading to strokes, coronary heart disease, and other large blood vessel diseases. This is referred to as macro vascular disease.
The body will lose its main source of fuel if the blood contains large amounts of sugar. Due to these build up of glucose in the blood, it overflows and passes out of the body in the urine. The liver produces glucose from the digestion of carbohydrate, which is contained in foods, and drinks. Starchy foods such as bread, potatoes, and chapattis, fruit, dairy products, sugar and other sweet foods, are sources from which carbohydrates is produced.
The glucose generated from food is helped with the insulin to get into the cells. If your body does not manufacture enough insulin, or the insulin does not work the way it should, glucose will not get into the cells.